In the United States, busing, sometimes known as desegregation busing, is the practice of moving pupils to schools inside or beyond their local school districts to address racial segregation. Although the historic U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) formally desegregated American schools, they remained mainly segregated in practice due to trends in housing and neighborhood segregation. Busing became the major remedy used by the courts to abolish racial segregation in American schools, and it was the subject of what was undoubtedly the most divisive debate in American education in the late twentieth century. Every day, millions of people use public transportation across the world. Some of them have to drive to work, school or university, or to go for a walk in the city centre or to a personal meeting. Their desire to arrive at their destination fast and comfortably is what unifies them. People would have dreamed of switching from public transit to private vehicles only a few years ago, but today, more and more people are discovering new benefits of public transportation every day. The global situation with the Corona virus has once again demonstrated that no city can function well without buses, trams, or subways.
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- Improves Community Health
For decades, city planners have relied on public transit to help communities improve their health and well-being. Riders of public transportation must walk from their front doors to a local transit stop and back, increasing physical activity and assisting in the fight against the modern obesity epidemic. Using public transportation, people may be able to get the recommended 30 minutes of daily physical activity.
- Public Transportation Increases Freedom and Mobility
The availability of public transportation allows everyone to have personal mobility, allowing them to go nearly anyplace. Many people are unable to drive, and the majority of drivers would want, at least occasionally, to be able to walk, cycle, or take public transportation instead. If you only drive, you can get in a car and drive for miles to get a coffee and newspaper. Millions of non-drivers, such as children, are trapped in suburban areas where they must rely on others for transportation.
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- Save Time Every day
Each automobile owner must clear frost from their car and warm up the engine (if it is winter), then look for a free parking spot near his destination point, or walk a few blocks to the office if none are available. They will have to pay for parking in the evening and will most likely spend some time stuck in the evening rush hour traffic bottleneck.
- Enhances Fuel Economy
One of the most significant technical advantages of public transportation is the potential to equip buses and other public transit vehicles with alternate fuel sources. Some systems are totally powered by electricity or run on renewable energy. Even when compared to other gas-powered vehicles, public transportation is more fuel efficient. When the average miles per gallon are multiplied by the number of private cars on the road versus transit buses or trains, it is clear that public transportation consumes less fuel.
- Emissions of Greenhouse Gases are Reduced
In terms of greenhouse gas emissions, public transportation is likewise far more environmentally friendly than cars. We should Endeavour to save greenhouse gases as often as feasible because global warming will become a big problem in the near future. As a result, by taking public transportation, we may be able to minimize greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming to some extent.
- Reduces Traffic Congestion
People who do not have their own transportation, as well as private car owners who cannot or do not want to use it, can take advantage of public transportation. As a result, the number of cars on the road is reduced, as is the amount of time each individual spends stuck in traffic on their way to work or home. The more continuous and fast-moving public transportation is, the more appealing and cost-effective it is, which is why road markings in many cities around the world designate a separate lane for public transportation, which also facilitates the circulation of city buses and trolleybuses and helps citizens arrive on time.
The development of beautiful, walk able neighborhoods surrounding transit terminals represents a chance for public transportation to prosper. The government must encourage public transportation in order to strengthen the economy’s long-term health, reduce inequality caused by the burden of car ownership by the working poor, improve the environment, reduce the number of deaths and injuries caused by autos, and for a variety of other reasons.