Cannabis is growing outdoors for hundreds of years, but before that you plant a seedling. You need know how it works and how to make the most of Mother Nature’s blessings. You should also know how to deal with those unwanted gifts you’d rather return — pests and weeds.
The bare minimum required to grow outdoor weed seeds is basic gardening tools, soil, water, and a location in your backyard that receives plenty of sunlight.
Cannabis grows with the help of Mother Nature
Cannabis is a hardy plant that has adapted to a variety of climates. However, cannabis is still vulnerable to extreme weather. The plant has had to adapt its defenses against a variety of problems.
Whether heavy winds break branches or excessive rain that causes mold, growers face challenges that can be mitigated with proper planning. One of the most important steps in producing high-quality outdoor marijuana is to become intimately familiar with your local climate and seasons.
Before growing, you need to check the ideal temperature, the best location, and the best planting and harvesting times. And the photoperiod of the season — the amount and intensity of light available throughout the growing season.
Temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (23.9 to 25.4 degrees Celsius) are ideal for cannabis growth. At the same time, temperatures above 88 degrees Fahrenheit (31.1 degrees Celsius) or below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius) can cause growth to be slowed.
Despite the fact that cannabis is heat resistant, extended highs and lows frequently result in difficulties that kill your plants.
Cannabis can be sown in early to mid-spring and harvested in mid-fall in the Northern Hemisphere, depending on the cultivar. The growth season will be inverted in the Southern Hemisphere, with planting in the early to mid-fall and harvesting in the middle of spring.
The daytime period increases during the first half of the season until the summer solstice. It occurs on or around June 21 in the Northern Hemisphere and December 21 in the Southern Hemisphere.
The vegetative stage of the plant occurs as the number of daylight hours increases. The plant will develop roots and stems during vegetation, which will serve as the foundation for growth until flowering.
The number of available daylight hours decreases after the solstice, allowing the plant to transition into flowering naturally. Cannabis is a short-day plant, which means that as the nights grow longer and the hours of sunlight decrease, it will begin to flower.
Plant cannabis plants on the ground-based on the temperature, season, and light in your area to finish flowering before the cold, rainy weather arrives.
The best location for cannabis cultivation is in the open air
Another important factor that can affect the yield and quality of your plants is determining the best location. Cultivators in the Northern Hemisphere should try to place their plants in a southern-facing location to get the most available sunlight. This is not the case in the Southern Hemisphere.
Use shade cloth to keep your plants from overheating if you live in an area with many hot, sunny days. Natural enclosures and cement or brick walls can help retain any available heat and keep your plants warm in cold climates.
The rainy season usually coincides with the end of the flowering stage and the beginning of the harvesting period in most regions, but this is not always the case. Rain can harm an outdoor flowering crop, being ready to cover or move plants can help ensure a successful harvest.
Create a garden plan
Clones vs. seeds: what’s the difference?
Whether you start with seeds or clones, the timing and method of introducing your plants to the outdoors will differ.
Seed-grown plants are typically more hearty and vigorous than clones, as they produce a more robust taproot that clones are unable to replicate. When dealing with harsh environmental conditions or pest pressures, the vigor from deep roots can be advantageous.
Growing seeds has a number of drawbacks, including the extra time and effort required to germinate the seeds. The need to remove any males before they pollinate the females, and the high variability in growth characteristics caused by their genes.
Soil should be dark, nutrient-dense, and light and fluffy in texture. The soil’s structure should be able to hold water while also allowing for drainage of any excess. Although organic potting soil blends from your local garden center will suffice.
Cannabis necessitates more nutrients than a lot of other plants in your garden. It grows and enters flowering; available nutrients may be depleted, necessitating the use of additional fertilizers. The organic nutrients in good soil are sufficient to get your cannabis plant started.
The three most important nutrients for marijuana cultivation are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Plants require more nitrogen during the vegetative phase to develop the roots and leaves that serve as flowering foundations. The plants will require more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen at the start of the flowering cycle.
The plants will concentrate on using the remaining nutrients toward the end of the flowering cycle once the majority of the nitrogen has been depleted. A lack of nitrogen caused the vibrant purple and orange hues on large fan leaves and throughout the colas of the plants.
Because all-in-one fertilizers may contain too much nitrogen for the flowering cycle and harm beneficial soil microorganisms, they should be avoided.
The amount of water a plant needs is largely determined by its size, container size, soil type. Along with that general environmental factors like weather and sunlight intensity. Larger plants use more water in hotter climates than smaller ones in cooler climates.
The amount of water required by a plant varies throughout its life cycle. Water your plants thoroughly during the vegetative stage, then wait until the top 1 inch (2.54 centimeters) of soil has dried out before watering again.
Depending on the conditions, this can be every day or every four days, but as the plant grows roots, the time between watering will become shorter. Container gardens dry out faster than soil gardens, so they need to be watered more frequently.
Controlling insects and weeds
When growing cannabis outdoors, pests and invasive plants are unavoidable. Clearing a buffer zone around your plants can help, but a healthy plant that can defend itself naturally is your first line of defense.
As you start your cannabis-growing journey, keep this information in mind. Planting a week earlier, a week later, watering less, watering more, and other small adjustments can make a big difference.
When growing outdoor weed seeds, quality soil is one of the few factors you have control over.
It’s all about timing. If the weather turns bad, a short vegetative phase can cause cannabis plants to flower too soon, whereas a long vegetative phase can prevent your plants from finishing their flowering cycle. The Seed Supreme is a trustworthy resource for seasonally planning and crop preparation.