International News: Pakistan’s Economic Challenges: A Closer Look at World Bank Projections

In the context of the economic challenges faced by Pakistan, the latest new report of the World Bank has become the centre of attention at the global level. This content examines the World Bank’s projections, highlighting fiscal deficit concerns and their far-reaching international implications.

Fiscal Deficits and IMF Conditions

The World Bank’s international news report suggests that Pakistan will likely miss one of the core conditions set by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – the requirement to maintain a primary budget surplus. Instead, there will be a primary budget deficit of (0.4%) of the Gross Domestic Product by the end of the fiscal year. This projection raises questions about Pakistan’s ability to meet IMF targets, a matter of international interest.

IMF Deal Requirements

    • Pakistan must achieve a primary budget surplus of 0.4% of GDP or Rs421 billion, as per IMF conditions.
    • The deficit projection implies a significant deviation, roughly Rs850 billion short of the target.

Contrasts Between IMF and World Bank

    • The World Bank’s predictions differ from what the IMF thought in July when they agreed, showing a problem that worries people worldwide.
    • The report notes that the budget deficit in the previous fiscal year exceeded initial assessments.

Fiscal Challenges and Inflation: A Global Perspective

Breaking News: The report also indicates that Pakistan will likely miss the overall budget deficit target of 6.5% of GDP or Rs 6.9 trillion, potentially reaching 7.7% of GDP or Rs 8.2 trillion. This substantial slippage raises concerns about fiscal stability in a world grappling with economic uncertainties.

Missed Budget Deficit Targets

    • Pakistan’s budget deficit is projected to be significantly higher than initially targeted, a matter of international concern.
    • The wide margin of deviation, Rs1.3 trillion, poses a significant fiscal challenge amidst global economic uncertainties.

Inflation Escalation and Global Trends

    • Prices are expected to stay very high at 26.5%, more than the government wanted (21%). This is similar to how prices are going up worldwide. The report says this is happening because of the need for more money from trade, fewer people sending money back to Pakistan, and borrowing money from banks to cover government expenses. These problems are like what many other countries face in the world economy.

Economic Growth and Reforms in a Global Context

The World Bank’s projection of Pakistan’s economic growth rate is a mere 1.7%, contrasting sharply with the government’s target of 3.5%. This underlines the need for comprehensive economic reforms, especially in light of global economic trends.

Sluggish Economic Growth and Global Uncertainties

    • The expected growth rate is lower than the government wanted, happening in many countries worldwide. Problems like supply chain issues, expensive fuel and borrowing money, not knowing what will happen in politics, and people not buying as much have slowed down our economy, like what’s happening worldwide.

Reforms are Imperative in a Global Perspective

    • The report says that Pakistan’s economy can’t keep going like this without making some changes and improvements, a worry that people worldwide are discussing.
      Even though Pakistan got help from the IMF and more money, the amount from other countries still needs to grow, worsening our economic problems. This is happening in many countries because the world economy is uncertain.

Poverty Concerns in a Global Context

The report also talks about how more and more people in Pakistan are getting poorer, which is happening everywhere in the world.

Impact of High Inflation in a Global Context

    • Food and energy prices are increasing, and people need to earn more money, especially after floods. This is something people all over the world are worried about.
    • People who don’t have much money feel the high prices more than rich people. This makes the gap between rich and poor even more significant, a problem in Pakistan and many countries.

Insufficient Mitigation Measures and Global Poverty Trends

    • Even though some help is being given to poor people, more is needed to keep them from getting even poorer, and this is a problem happening in many places.


The World Bank’s projections offer a stark assessment of Pakistan’s economic challenges, encompassing fiscal deficits, inflation, sluggish growth, and poverty. These findings underscore the urgency of implementing comprehensive economic reforms and fiscal adjustments, all within the backdrop of global economic uncertainties. Pakistan must take swift action to address these issues and steer the country towards a more stable today’s global economy. Please do so to avoid further economic hardships for Pakistan amid economic uncertainties.