Affirmative sentences in English are those used to affirm a fact or situation. In the case of English, it is the same as in Spanish, working with the same structure:
Subject + Verb + Predicate
- My dog is black. My dog is black.
- She is 7 years old. She is 7 years old.
- You have a big apartment. You have a large apartment.
- Negative sentences (sentences negative)
In the case of negative sentences in English, they are used to report something incorrect or express denials in assumptions, facts, and situations. It has the same structure as an affirmative sentence in English, with the difference that the verb is accompanied by its auxiliary and the not (the negation).
Subject + auxiliary + not + verb + predicate
Let’s see its application:
- I don’t want hotcakes from breakfast. I don’t want pancakes for breakfast.
- Will, we do not buy any tickets tonight? Won’t we buy tickets tonight?
A couple of rules that we have to keep in mind when it comes to negative sentences in English are:
- The auxiliary verbs (do be, have), in this case, we are using, do which is present and did for past. They go before the infinitive verb.
- Contractions of DO + NOT, which are common: don’t, and DID + NOT: didn’t.
Comparative sentences (sentences comparative)
In the case of comparative sentences in English, they are used to make clear the comparison between two objects or situations together with their adjective in the degree of comparison. In this case, the structure of the comparative sentence in English is:
Subject (noun) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object or other person)
Remember that the most frequent comparative adjectives for sentences are smaller, larger, faster, higher, better and write my essay.
Here are some examples:
- My car is faster than yours. My car is faster than yours.
- This cake is smaller than the plate. This cake is smaller than the plate.
- That ball flew higher than our window. That ball flew higher than our window.
- Superlative sentences (sentences superlative)
In the case of superlative sentences in English, it is to indicate the extremes (upper and lower) in which a person, situation, or object is found. Normally, in sentences, our main subject is compared making a more marked difference.
Subject (noun) + verb + the + superlative adjective + object
In the case of the most used superlatives we have: largest, taller, smallest, fastest, highest.
Let’s see examples where these elements are used:
- Your cat is the prettiest of the house. Your cat is the most beautiful in the house.
- This is the smallest person I’ve ever meet. This is the smallest person I have ever met.
- My company is the biggest in the city. My company is the largest in the city.
Present Simple sentences (sentences simple present)
Sentences in the present simple in English are used to comment on things that we are used to doing. Of course, all conjugated in the present. The structure is usually similar to affirmative sentences:
Subject + Present Verb + Predicate
Some examples of these sentences:
- I work with my best friend in the agency. I work with my best friend at the agency.
- You look like my father. You look like my father.
- She works for me. She works for me.
- Sentences in past simple (simple past Prayers)
Now, when we talk about sentences in the past simple in English, we refer to events that were done previously or to talk about actions and habits frequent in the past. Its structure is as follows:
Subject + past verb + predicate
In this case, you have to remember to correctly conjugate the verbs in the past (-ed, -d, -ied, or irregular verbs in English, depending on which is the case).
Here are some examples of this structure:
- She studied chemistry 4 years ago. She studied chemistry 4 years ago.
- My father worked in a factory last summer. My father worked in a factory last summer.
- We’re in Paris the last week. We were in Paris last week.
Interrogative sentences (interrogative)
Lastly, let’s talk about interrogative sentences in English, which are used to set up question, Let’s see the structure of these sentences below:
Interrogative word + auxiliary + verb + predicate
Let’s see some last examples of questions with these structures:
- Do you like this job? Do you like this job?
- Have you bought the cellphone yesterday? Did you buy the phone yesterday?
- What is that thing? What is that thing?
To assimilate everything you have learned, we propose a short exercise on sentences in English. Detect what type of sentence they are:
- She was my girlfriend last year.
- Your cat didn’t come home.
- My house is the largest in our community.
- Where are you doing?
- That pencil is weak.
- The sentence in the past simple.
- The negative sentence, past simple.
- Superlative sentence.
- Interrogative sentence.
- Affirmative sentence.