Generators are an appliance that is used to supply emergency backup power when the electricity breaks down. Further, generators are beneficial in cases of lack of electricity or while travelling. 

The function of the generator is to generate electrical energy using fuel. The fuel used in the generator’s engine is mechanical energy that converts into the current (electrical energy). 

Generators are visible everywhere whether it’s industry, home, business, hospital, malls, hotels, or other institutes. 


The generator controller plays a great role to control the functions of parts of the generator

There are 8 main parts within the gensets system that performs different functions. A variety of gensets are available in the markets depends on the application’s needs. Such as diesel generator sets, marine generator sets, gas generator sets, and diesel generator sets.

Here are the main generator’s parts that keep the electronic equipment or device running:

  1. Engine:
  • The function of the engine is to generate electrical energy (current) from the fuel, providing output (power) to the electronic application.
  • It refers to the workhorse of the generator.
  • The engine is the main part of the generator that requires fuel to work out.
  • The fuel engine of the generator accepts every kind of fuel (such as diesel, gas, or propane). 
  • The size of the fuel engine or generator depends on the need for the electrical energy the consumer expects or application needs.
  1. Alternator:
  • The function of the generator is to convert/transform the mechanical energy (fuel) into electrical energy (electric current).
  • The alternator connects with the crankshaft of the engine to get mechanical energy (fuel) and then mechanical energy rotates the rotor shaft to give output (electricity).
  • The magnetic field creates by the rotor shaft, driven by the diesel engine, to generator alternating current (AC).   
  1. Fuel System:
  • Fuel is the main thing to start the generator; each generator operates by the fuel. 
  • The generator is all set with the fuel system to drive the functions of each part. Some generators can run on furnance also and to know more about them you can go here.
  • Every type of generator needs the right fuel to run the other parts of the generator well.
  • Every generator requires the right amount of fuel to supply power (electricity) for long hours.
  • Diesel, gas, and propane are the main and popular fuels used the most in the generator.
  1. Voltage Regulator:
  • It controls the flows of the current when the alternator releases the alternating current (AC).
  • The function of the voltage regulator is to transform from the alternating current (AC) to the direct current (DC).
  • Further, it controls the voltage when powers release from the alternator of the generator and keep generator systems smooth and runnable. 
  1. Control Panel:
  • It tracks the entire system and functions of the part of the generator.
  • The control panel is responsible to handle the process of the generator from the start to the end.
  • It helps in maintaining the frequency, flow of the current, and voltage of the generator.
  • The control panel contains a switches button to start/stop the generator functions.
  1. Lubrication System:
  • The lubrication system helps to move the parts of the generator.
  • It helps in absorbing excessive heat to keep the functions of the parts smooth and running.
  1. Battery Charger:
  • The generator requires the battery to start.
  • The battery gets charged to operate the generator.
  • Further, it can charge the battery while operating the generator.
  • The battery is the storage box to support the generator in cases of emergency or during electricity failures.
  1. Mainframe/Skid:
  • It refers to the house of the generator, holding all the main parts and components in a single-box (house). 
  • It keeps the generator to stand on a smooth surface.
  • Furthermore, it is easy to carry and transport.
  • The mainframe is the essential part of the generator to protect the parts and keep stable the functionality of generator parts.